Phase I Archaeological Survey

The Phase I archeological survey is the preliminary level of archaeological investigation of an area affected by federal and state undertakings. The Phase I archaeological survey provides an introductory level of archaeological surveillance in a project area. If ground visibility is sufficient, the project area can be evaluated by pedestrian survey at systematic intervals and observed for evidence of archaeological material. If the ground visibility is deemed to be insufficient for the detection of potential artifacts, then the area can be evaluated by shovel probes placed at systematic intervals and subsequently screened for archeological material. However, if no archaeological material is discovered by either survey technique, the Phase I survey can be the final stage of the archaeological investigation. This is the most common level of archaeological investigation and archaeological inquiry usually ends here.